Does it fade? – 1st results from our long term UV daylight experiment after 4 months exposure

sep2013flexo(HEALTH WARNING – This is a geeky printing post)

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At the end of April 2013 we set out to show the effects of UV daylight on various different digital and analogue label printing technologies and for a few selected printers, different finishes as well.  It has now been 4 months since we started this test (view the original blog here) and we have our 1st set of comparative results to report.

Unless you have read the 1st blog post, most of what follows will be hard to understand, so if this subject is new to you, please read about the purpose of this experiment and the  methodologies we have adopted in the 1st blog post before continuing.

 

Results

1) – overall colour fading

Our results show that using average figures, yellow has faded the most, followed by Magenta, Cyan and then Black least.  Recall that the human eye can see colour differences less than about 2.3, so it is, on average, just about noticeable.

You can download the full data from the original dataset and September 2013 measurements and calculations here .

average Delta E
C 4.08
M 5.4
Y 9.04
K 2.53
Median Delta E
C 3.13
M 4.49
Y 3.4
K 1.4

Using Median values, the yellow and cyan swap positions, but still fade the most.  However the devil is in the detail as you will see from the individual colour blocks.

2) colour fading of the individual colour blocks on different printing platforms

This is the data we have recorded after 4 months

Delta E
per colour average printing process finish
C 7.93 8.8 Epson none
M 12.11  
Y 10.72  
K 4.45  
C 8.8 9.1 Epson Varnish
M 10.22  
Y 8.47  
K 8.92  
C 3.07 2.58 Durst none
M 3.38  
Y 2.29  
K 1.57  
C 3.07 2.73 Xeikon Varnish
M 4.51  
Y 2.76  
K 0.58  
C 4.9 4.29 Xeikon lamination
M 6.03  
Y 4.04  
K 2.2  
C 3.18 2.7 Xeikon none
M 4.77  
Y 2.34  
K 0.52  
C 3.18 13.33 Flexo none
M 4.46  
Y 45.48  
K 0.21  
C 2.73 2.33 Domino none
M 3.19  
Y 2.2  
K 1.22  
C 1.32 1.37 EFI Jetrion none
M 2.27  
Y 1.44  
K 0.44  
C 2.58 5.35 HP Indigo none
M 3.03  
Y 10.66  
K 5.14

In order of average delta E colour change on the unfinished samples (ie no lamination or varnish), the most lightfast is EFI Jetrion UV inkjet (1.37), Domino UV inkjet (2.33), Durst UV inkjet (2.58), Xeikon (2.7), HP Indigo (5.35), Epson (8.8) and finally Water based Flexo (13.33).

  • As an initial finding, the various UV inkjet and Xeikon dry toner technologies demonstrate good lightfastness even after 1 full summer of daylight exposure with some, but hardly noticeable changes.
  • HP Indigo colours fade a little faster, particularly the yellow, and the Epson water based inkjet fades even more and is quite noticeable, apart from the blotchiness described below.
  • Water based flexo fades by far the fastest and worst, and is very noticeable.
  • Both varnish and lamination finishes accelerate and exacerbate the rate of fading in sunlight for some reason.  Both the Xeikon varnished sample and the Epson varnished sample has faded a little more than the unvarnished samples.  However, the laminated xeikon samples has faded significantly more.

3) – Epson “blotchiness”

sep2013 epson blocthy comparison against control

One additional and obvious observation is that the Epson samples have gone very blotchy due to some process relating to sunlight exposure, as it is on both Epson faded samples, but not on the unexposed control samples that have been in a cupboard out of daylight.

 

 

 

 

4) The comparative picture scans – before and after

On the left hand side we have the original images straight off the printers and on the right hand side we have the latest images all taken in early September 2013.  Exactly the same equipment was used to scan each image so they are approximately comparable. You can click each of the images to be taken to the full size image to inspect them at their original size. You can also save them for future reference by right clicking and save as.  Flick between each one in a  new tab as before and after to see the colour changes.

April 2013

September 2013

day0 HP
sep2013HPindigo
day0 flexo
sep2013flexo
day0 epson
sep2013epson
day0 durst
sep2013durst
day0 xeikon
sep2013xeikon
day0 domino
sep2013domino
day0 efi
sep2013efijetrion
day1xeikonVARNISHED
sep2013xeikonVARNISHED
day1xeikonLAMINATED
sep2013xeikonLAMINATED
day1epsonVARNISHED
sep2013epsonVARNISHED

 

 

Conclusions

BMyU16oCQAEoWPVBased on the current data, we are happy to continue to specify Xeikon printing technology as lightfast, and so recommend digital labelling over water based flexography for outdoor applications. It remains to be seen if laminating prints significantly reduces the fading, but we will report back on this in 6 months time when we next take measurements. In the meantime, the print samples are back in my conservatory soaking up the daylight!

Please leave your comments and suggestions below.  If you are Labelexpo next week then I’d be pleased to chat with anyone about the results. Please drop me an email.